A community is established only when it has self-sufficient integrative mechanisms; that is, when the maintenance of its existence and form is provided for by its own processes and is not dependent upon those of externals systems or member-units.
A political community is a community that possesses three kinds of integration:
- it has effective control over the use of means of violence (though it can “delegate” some of its control to member-units);
- it has a center of decision making that is able to affect significantly the allocation of resources and rewards throughout the community; and
- it is the dominant focus of political identification for the large majority of politically aware citizens.
- Etzioni, Amitai. Political Unification Revisited: On Building Supranational Communities. Lexington Books, Lanham, MA, 2001